When starting to write an essay in English, one must remember that there are different types of essays in English, such as comparison and contrast, a descriptive essay, definitions, an essay, etc. However, the most common form of the essay is the so-called argumentative essay – for and against (essay argumentative – for and against). When preparing to write such an essay, you need to have a specific topic. It is the basis for appropriate argumentation.

When we already have the subject of our future essay, it is worth doing a so-called exercise. free writing, i.e. writing what will come to mind on a given topic. We will need it in laying the arguments in a coherent and logical whole. Our exercise is worth doing in the form of a table, writing on one side the arguments for, and on the other exchanging against. This will allow us to clearly position the pros and cons.

When we write all the arguments that come to our mind on a given topic, we should remember the main parts of the essay, which are: introduction + thesis, argumentative part and summary. Below is a brief overview of each of these parts.

Introduction: it is important that the problem described in the essay is a preface. We do not include the personal opinion of the author in the introduction. Let us present the problem, let us briefly state that there are both arguments for and against the problem in question. The thesis should be included in the introduction of our essay. It is with her that students have the most problem. Remember that it can not be too wide or concise. Do not formulate it so that you can write a whole book about it – eg. Smoking causes health problems. So let’s narrow it down, Smoking causes hart diseases / lung cancer. After formulating the thesis, we give 3-6 arguments that will appear in the development, in the order in which they will appear in the essay.

Main body: this is the part in which we develop arguments and we support them with examples. Each argument should be justified and have some examples, such as statistics, surveys confirming a given fact or the opinions of experts and authorities in a given field. It is also important that the arguments are sorted out, for example: chronologically, from the most important, first all for, then against. Let’s not argue the essay as chaotically as we can think of. The essay is to be readable and comprehensible to the reader, who after reading it will gain a concrete view of the topic presented in the essay.

Conclusion: it is – as the name says – a summary of the whole work. This part of the essay contains the conclusion and opinion of the author. It is worth to refer to the most important argument we recognize, which will form the basis of the opinion.

Let us remember that the essay should be written in formal language, because it is a literary or literary-scientific form, presenting the point of view of the author himself. Essays often raise philosophical, social or artistic themes. Therefore, abbreviations, colloquialisms and generalization should be avoided (we are never 100% sure that “everyone”, “everyone” or “nobody” thinks or does something), writing in the first person (except for ending). It is worth using passive form.

Returns typical of an essay are:

  • on the one hand … on the other hand.
  • Moreover ,5,1, In addition, …
  • On the contrary
  • Likewise, …
  • As a conclusion; All in all; All of these facts lead me to the conclusion.